Lotus root has been a favourite food since ancient times. But now it is also on the table of the people. Its nutritional value has been respected by the food health scientists of all times. Today, let’s learn about lotus roots and its nutritious.
Lotus root is the swelling part of the underground stem of the lotus plant. It is short cylindrical, thick and smooth with grey white or silver grey outer skin and white inner skin. The central part of the node is expanded, and there are several holes of different sizes. They are arranged symmetrically on the left and right. Its body is heavy, crisp and tender.
There are two kinds of edible lotus root mainly.
The first type is lotus root. Its rhizome is relatively large, with white skin, crispy and tender body. Also, it has a sweet taste, high yield, and few lotus seeds.
The second type is the lotus seed. It is a small lotus, slightly grey body and poor quality but many results. Those are for mainly harvesting lotus seeds.
Lotus root is the leading food as a vegetable. According to the researchers, every 100g edible part contains 2.3g protein, 0.1g fat, 18.1g carbohydrate, 18 mg calcium, 51 mg phosphorus, 4.4mg iron, and B and C vitamins.
Which lotus root is suitable for stewing and raw food?
Lotus root is sweet, rich in starch, protein, vitamin C and B1. As well as calcium, phosphorus, iron and other inorganic salts. Lotus root meat is easy to digest. It is suitable for nourishing young and old.
Commonly used edible lotus root is divided into red lotus root, white lotus root, and twist lotus root.
The shape of the red lotus root is thin and long. Its skin is brown yellow and rough, with more starch, less water, glutinous but not crisp and tender. Also, it is suitable for stewing.
The white lotus root is fat, tender and smooth in appearance, silvery-white, crispy and moist, rich in sweetness, and suitable with the raw food.
The twist lotus root is pink, rough in appearance, with more starch and cooked food.
Health functions of lotus root
Lotus root has the functions of clearing heat, cooling blood, hemostasis, and dispersing stasis. It has the effects of nourishing heart, blood, spleen and stomach. The nodus of lotus root contains about 2% tannin and asparagine. It has better hemostatic and astringent effect than fresh lotus root and can also detoxify crabs. Lotus flower, leaf, stem, whisker, canopy, lotus seed and lotus seed heart have their own functions, which can be used as medicine.
Fresh lotus root contains as much as 20% carbohydrate, protein, various vitamins and minerals. It can be eaten as a fruit as well as a cooking delicacy. If it is processed with sugar for candied fruit or made into lotus root powder, it has a unique flavour.
Who are the most suitable people to eat lotus root?
The medicinal effect of lotus root is very considerable. It is regarded as the best product for removing stasis and promoting fluid production.
Lotus root has many benefits, such as
- Eliminating blood stasis and clearing heat
- Eliminating boredom and thirst
- Stopping of the flow of blood(nosebleed, blood urination, hematochezia, uterine bleeding, etc.)
- Settling phlegm, etc.
Lotus root’s nature changes from cool to warm after being cooked. Ti is losing the function of removing blood stasis and clearing heat. It has the features of stimulating the spleen, appetizing the stomach, nourishing the blood and energizing the five internal organs. That means which is very suitable for the elderly.
Lotus root raw food can clear heat and moisten the lung, cool blood, and move stasis.
Lotus root cooked can the spleen invigorating, appetiser, anti-diarrheal solid the internal essence.
The older adults often eat lotus root, which can adjust the appetiser, benefit the blood and marrow, calm the mind and refresh the brain, and have the function of prolonging life.
Women eat after childbirth – women avoid raw and cold food after delivery, but not lotus root because it can remove silt.
The lotus root has the effect of clearing the lung and hemostasis, which is the most suitable for the patients with tuberculosis.
People who don’t like eating raw can also stew chicken and stew, which can nourish and cure diseases. In particular, lotus root powder, rich in nutrition and easy to digest. It is an excellent tonic for women and children, old and weak. It is often made with boiled water and eaten for a long time. It can calm the nerves, appetiser, nourish the marrow and blood, and light the body and prolong the life.
How to eat lotus root for common remedies?
Due to the influence of ancient Chinese medicine, at present, in South Korea, Japan and other countries, as well as Hong Kong and Taiwan, people attach great importance to the therapeutic effect of lotus root. And there are many practical methods.
Cold throat pain, with lotus root juice and egg white gargle, has a special effect. Egg white can moisten the throat and relieve cough. The lotus root can eliminate fatigue and comfort spirit.
- Peel and wash the lotus root.
- Mash and extrude the lotus root juice.
- Mix it with the egg white (one egg can be used for three times).
- Store it in a cool place.
- Then rinse the throat with it.
Lotus root soup can also eliminate oral inflammation. Cut lotus root, add water and make soup. Rinse 5-6 times a day.
Suffering from bronchitis, lotus root juice and lotus skin are also effective. So you don’t have to cut it. Just wash the lotus root and take the juice. Lotus root juice also has a good effect on patients with bloody sputum in the morning and hoarseness at night.
Lotus root soup can also prevent and cure coughing. Lotus root with skin can be cut into thin slices and boiled together with caramel for drinking. In addition, part of the lotus root node is crushed to make juice for drinking, which can also relieve cough and chest tightness. When fever and thirst are serious, you can drink fresh lotus root juice, which can not only reduce fever but also relieve thirst.